London based, German artist Andrea Buttner’s paintings, woodblock prints and sculptures challenge preconceived fundamental societal notions, entrenched connotations on words such as ‘rich’ and ‘poor’, ‘beautiful’ and ‘ugly’, what’s ‘little’ and the notion of aesthetics. She seems to be interested in focusing on the minorities, the ‘marginalized’, discarded attitudes of the art world, encouraging her own works, often described as ‘little’, to ‘fall down’.
Irish German artist Mariechen Danz creates performances incorporating strange vocal sounds, pop music-like choruses, oratory remarks, sculptures and costume design together with writings on a wall to convey a sense of who we are as a species. An appreciation of the now extinct Mayan and Aztec cultures is required as she re-interprets their methods of iconic and phonic communication, merging these with representations of our modern day ‘high-tech’ communications to create bizarre rituals which might leave one scratching one’s head upon viewing.
These seemingly senseless performances doesn’t convey a story to the audience per se, but more of an expression of something, pushing the line between art and child’s play. The question to be asked, which happens to be the same question reporters asked when confronted with a Pollock 67 years ago, is, is it random what she does and says on stage, which would mean a child could do it, or is there some sort of logic to it? And what exactly is the ‘mind body problem’ or a ‘womb tomb’ for that matter?
Ghanian artist Ibrahim Mahama is known for using discarded common-place items from his home country as materials for his sculptures and outdoor installations. These items have embedded within them, a certain history of both the passage of time from their previous owner’s usage and of the historical relevance, the marking of a certain epoch in the history of a place, which has cultural significance.
In what’s known as the ‘Occupation’ series of works, he has taken thousands of used jute sacks, bartered from migrant workers in Ghana, sewn them together and draped them over the facades of institutional buildings and museums in Ghana and Europe. These sacks have a certain history embedded within them; made from labourers in South Asia, they have been imported to Ghana initially to carry cocoa, but often find subsequent uses in carrying other commodities such as coal and ultimately might end up being a domestic door mat or a fire extinguisher, due to their strength and water retentive abilities.
What might be seen as a cross between a dance, a mime and a photo shoot, Cypriot artist Maria Hassabi’s live performances incorporate choreographic movements through time and space, common human gestures and the expected behaviour of the audience, to create a startling performance that viewers might mistake for someone taking a break from work.
In fact the whole performance Plastic (2016) at MOMA seems to be created around the expected reaction of the visitors to the museum, which can be characterized as one of ‘indifference’ or ‘obliviousness’. Perhaps it is a New York phenomenon, or an American one, where the avoidance of eye contact is preached to children against anyone who might be spending time doing something on the floor, otherwise trouble would befall them. And so people have become good at pretending that nothing’s wrong, even if all around people are falling down.
Berlin based, Iranian artist Nairy Baghramian’s sculptures challenge established notions in the socio-political-artistic climate, using elements of the title, the human body, gender and the exhibition space itself in the process. In Retainer (2013) organically shaped sheets of cast silicon, reminiscent of teeth, are held up by chrome steel struts, reminiscent of braces, and are arranged in a semi-circular fashion, somewhat like a person’s lower jaw.
While one wonders if he or she has been eaten or become an orthodontist, the piece examines the social notions surrounding ‘space’. By scaling it up, turning one of the most private spaces inside our bodies into a public exhibition, it forces a re-examination of the words ‘examination’, ‘viewing’ or ‘appreciation’.